Karyopherin a2 May Be Prognostic Indicator in Renal Cell Carcinoma

08.12.2018

German investigators have reported that Karyopherin a2 (KPNA2) appears to be involved in the carcinogenesis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and may function as a novel prognostic indicator.

The Authors reported that higher tumor stage and higher tumor grade may be correlated with high KPNA2 expression. The researchers theorize that KPNA2 expression could be used in the future to stratify risk groups among patients with RCC.

The authors note that KPNA2 is involved in carcinogenesis through translocation of cancer-associated cargo proteins. They also investigated the protein expression of KPNA2 in cancerous and healthy renal tissues to determine its prognostic value in patients with RCC.

The team found KPNA2 expression is elevated in a subset of clear cell RCC (ccRCC) and papillary RCC (pRCC) patients. High KPNA2 protein expression was associated with higher tumor stage and International Society of Urologic Pathology grade in ccRCC. They also found a correlation between high KPNA2 protein expression and shorter overall survival (OS) in ccRCC. However, the prognostic value of KPNA2 was not confirmed by multivariate Cox regression analysis in which the researchers tested it in conjunction with strong prognostic factors (tumor stage, lymph node metastasis, International Society of Urologic Pathology grade, and resection status).

Reference

Müller T, Tolkach Y, Stahl D, et al. Karyopherin Alpha 2 Is an Adverse Prognostic Factor in Clear-Cell and Papillary Renal-Cell Carcinoma [published online October 23, 2018]. Clin Genitourin Cancer. doi: 10.1016/j.clgc.2018.10.008