Nocturia: diagnosis and management strategies


Patients may not raise nocturia as a concern as they mistakenly consider the symptom to be a normal part of ageing. Nocturia is associated with significant morbidity and is likely to be a marker of poor health.

Nocturia, defined as waking up from sleep to pass urine, is rarely benign. Individuals who void at least twice per night have over four times the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and double the risk of early death, even when controlled for known risk factors for mortality. Health issues, such as diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disorders, mental health problems and obesity, are more common in people with nocturia, generating up to a threefold increase in the use of healthcare services.