Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Prevention
Having sex in a stable honest and confident relationship is the best way of prevention and staying away from STD risk.
Sexually transmitted infections (STI) can affect anyone with unprotected sex, regardless of age and gender, or sexual orientation.
However, there are situations and behaviours that increase the risk of contracting a sexually transmitted infection, in particular:
- have many partners;
- have first sexual intercourse before the age of 15;
- have a partner who has a sexually transmitted infection;
- abuse of substances (such as alcohol or drugs) that can easily make you lose mental clarity and promote risky behaviour;
- have a weakened immune system (as happens, for example, in HIV positive subjects).
Why teenagers are most at risk?
Teenagers represent the group at higher risk of infection for several reasons:
- they have genital tissues that are still immature and receptive to infections;
- They are less likely to use condoms
- often have risky behaviours such as unprotected relationships with many partners;
- drugs and alcohol abuse;
- in many cases they have little knowledge of the danger of sexually transmitted infections.
Recommendations to prevent STD
To prevent sexually transmitted infections, it is important to put into practice some recommendations, the so-called Rules of safe sex:
- use condoms correctly; In fact, Condoms are highly effective at protecting against most STIs like chlamydia and gonorrhoea. However, condoms do not protect you from all STIs such as herpes, genital warts and syphilis which can be spread from skin-to-skin contact.
- reduce the number of sexual partners and always remain lucid when you intend to have sexual intercourse;
- consider the use of condoms as a sign of attention and respect for one's own well-being and for one's a partner;
- remember that there are vaccines that protect against some infections of this type (for example, HPV and hepatitis B vaccines).
What if you have a doubt that you are infected?
If you have even the slightest doubt that you have become infected you must immediately contact a doctor, because early diagnosis and correct therapy are essential to healing and avoid the serious complications that these infections can cause, even years later.