Sugar-Sweetened drinks and Chronic Kidney Disease risk

07.01.2019

A pattern of higher consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with increased odds of chronic kidney disease (CKD)

The researchers conducted a prospective analysis in a cohort of African-American men and women. A food frequency questionnaire was administered at baseline (2000 to 2004) to assess beverage intake. The correlation of individual beverage consumption and beverage consumption patterns with incident CKD was examined.

They found that 6% of the 3003 participants developed incident CKD during a median follow-up of 8 years. A principal components analysis-derived beverage pattern consisting of higher consumption of soda, sweetened fruit drinks, and water was correlated with significantly increased odds of incident CKD after adjustment for confounding variables, including baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate

These results contribute to the growing body of literature elucidating the negative health consequences of consuming sugar-sweetened beverages. Patterns of beverage consumption may better reflect this dietary behavior and be more informative when studying their relationship with disease outcomes than individual beverages.

References

Rebholz CM, Young BA, Katz R, et al. Patterns of Beverages Consumed and Risk of Incident Kidney Disease. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. December 2018, CJN.06380518; DOI:10.2215/CJN.06380518
Sunwold D. Diet and Risk for Developing Kidney Disease. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. December 2018, CJN.13601118; DOI:10.2215/CJN.13601118