Testicular pain

Because of very sensitive, the leading cause of testicle pain is minor injuries to the area. However, pain in the scrotum can be the result of serious conditions that need careful medical evaluation. The pain can be direct from the testis or radiated to the testis. In the last case, you may feel the pain in the testicle but it has other reasons. In fact, the cause might be a problem that starts in the groin, abdomen, or somewhere else - for example, kidney stones and some hernias can cause testicle pain. Sometimes, the causes of testicle pain cannot be identified. There are no differences between right and left testicular pain.

Causes of testicular pain

Testicle pain has a number of possible causes:

  • Testicle injury or blow to the testicles
  • Epididymitis (testicle inflammation)
  • Orchitis (inflammation in the testicle)
  • Hydrocele (fluid buildup that causes swelling of the scrotum)
  • Scrotal masses
  • Testicular torsion (twisted testicle)
  • Varicocele (enlarged veins in the scrotum)
  • Idiopathic testicular pain (unknown cause)
  • Inguinal hernia
  • Kidney stones
  • Mumps
  • Prostatitis (inflammation in the prostate)
  • Diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage caused by diabetes)


Sudden, severe testicle pain can be a sign of testicular torsion - a twisted testicle that can quickly lose its blood supply. This condition requires immediate medical treatment to prevent the loss of the testicle. Testicular torsion can occur in males of any age, although it is more common in adolescents.

Seek immediate medical attention if you have:

  • Sudden, severe testicle pain
  • Testicle pain accompanied by nausea, fever, chills or blood in your urine

Schedule a doctor's visit if you have:

  • Mild testicle pain lasting longer than a few days
  • A lump or swelling in or around a testicle